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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Consequences of Prejudice.docx

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University of Waterloo
Hilary B Bergsieker

Chapter 12: consequences of prejudice Race Experiments 1. Mit researchers sent 5000 resumes with randomly assigned white names out in response to 1300 employment ads. White names got called back for every 10 sent out, blacks got one callback for every 15 2. African-american’s and latinoes more likely to be stopped and searched, arrested, handcuffed, and subject to force 3. More whites than blacks released at the scene of arrest and blacks more likely to be held for bail 4. Racial profiling – police more likely to stop blacks at traffic stop Race sensitivity leads to exaggerated reactions to isolated minority persons – overpraising accomplishments, overcriticizing mistakes, failing to warn about academic difficulty Seen as patrinizing WITHOUT AWARENESS Implicit biases  Not interview people with muslim names  Less likely to prescribe clot-busting drug to black with chest pain  See anger persist more in black than white face Shoot or don’t shoot experiment Exposure to weapons can make people pay more attention to black faces Automatic prejudice associated with amygdala, wheras controlled processing is involved with prefrontal cortex Non-jewish authors 40% more likely to cite non-jewish names Gender: Stronger than racial stereotypes Only 22% of men and women thought two sexes equally emotional Women-are-wonderful effect is a favourable stereotype Woman have superior moral sensibility is benevolent sexism Women put men on tight leashes is hostile sexism In 1968, when article written by female, rated lower even by women. This had disappeared by 1980. Looking at literature, there are just as many biases towards men as there are towards women, but overall there are NO DIFFERENCES In non-western countries, gender discrimination looms even larger  Unschooled girls more common  Women banned from driving  Extends to violence  People prefer to have baby boys Overt prejudices are less common, but subtle prejudices still exist CONSEQUENCES OF PREJUDICE 1. Self-perpetuating stereotypes When something fits into a category, we dually note it, but explain away inconsistencies with special circumstances Can influence how we construe someone’s behaviour Misinterpret behaviour Led to believe a person was either unfriendly or friendly. They acted friendly towards both, but said the friendliness reciprocated from the unfriendly person was due to their friendliness first, and did not trust the person as much. They saw hostility and “forced smiles” When information inconsistent with stereotype, we salvage it by making new category Subtyping- accommodating groups of individuals who deviate from one’s stereotype by thinking of them as a special category of people with different properties Exceptions to the group Subgrouping- accommodating groups of individuals who deviate from one’s stereotype by forming a new stereotype about this subset of the group Acknowledged as a part of the overall group compare out-group member's behaviour to one's stereotypes match; steotypes mismatch: search for confirmed explanation/attribution dispositional attribution external atribution typical group member: modify stereotype stereotype unchanged subgrouping atypical gropu member; form new subtype; main stereotype unchaged 2. Self-fulfilling stereotypes Effects of victimization a)blame yourself withdrawal, self hate, aggression against your own group b)blame external factors fighting back, suspiciousness, increased group pride job interviews: when person black, interviewer sits farther away, ends it sooner, and stammers more, which actually effects the intervewie feeling distinctive makes you feel self-concious, and may misinterpret others as reacting to our distinctiveness experiment: women had scar put on her face with makeup, saw scar, then without knowledge had it taken off. Then she went and talked to people thinking she had a disfigured face. Felt like they were being treated differently even though they were not. Stigma consciousness- how likely they are to expect that others will stereotype them Stereotype threat- a disruptive concern when facing a negative stereotype that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype men score women Gender differences on test No differences on test What participants were told Also, mat
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