PSYCH101 Chapter Notes -Scapegoating, Groupthink, Ingroups And Outgroups

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH101
Module 15: Social Psychology
(15.1) Social Influences on Behavior and Attitudes
Social Psychology: Broad field of study that includes how individuals perceive and think about
other people as well as how the presence of other people can influence individual’s behaviors
Norms, Roles, and Conformity
Social Norms: The usually unwritten guidelines for how to behave in social contexts
Social Roles: Specific sets of behaviors that are associated with position within a group
Mimicry: Occurs when one person copies another’s behavior
Conformity: Refers to a change in behavior to fit in with a group
Group Influence and Authority
Social Loafing: Occurs when an individual working as part of a group or team reduces his or her
effort
Social Facilitation: Occurs when an individual’s performance is better in the presence of others
than when alone
Groupthink: Decision-making problem in which group members avoid arguments and strive for
agreement
Obedience: Complying with instructions or orders from an individual who is in a position of
authority
Group Polarization: Occurs when members of a group discuss characteristic attitudes of their
group and as a result their views become stronger
Cognitive Dissonance: Occurs when an individual has two thoughts (cognitions) that are
inconsistent with each other (dissonance) and as a result experiences motivation to reduce the
difference
Door-In-The-Face Technique: Begins with large request that is likely to be rejected followed by
a smaller request that is likely to be accepted
Central Route (To Persuasion): Individuals take time, evaluate evidence, and use valid logic and
arguments
Peripheral Route (To Persuasion): Quick judgements are made based on limited evidence and
emotions and vague impressions are used more than logic
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Document Summary

Module 15: social psychology (15. 1) social influences on behavior and attitudes. Social psychology: broad field of study that includes how individuals perceive and think about other people as well as how the presence of other people can influence individual"s behaviors. Social norms: the usually unwritten guidelines for how to behave in social contexts. Social roles: specific sets of behaviors that are associated with position within a group. Mimicry: occurs when one person copies another"s behavior. Conformity: refers to a change in behavior to fit in with a group. Social loafing: occurs when an individual working as part of a group or team reduces his or her effort. Social facilitation: occurs when an individual"s performance is better in the presence of others than when alone. Groupthink: decision-making problem in which group members avoid arguments and strive for agreement. Obedience: complying with instructions or orders from an individual who is in a position of authority.

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