Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UW (6,000)
PSYCH (1,000)
Chapter 1

PSYCH207 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Connectionism, Cognitive Revolution, Human Factors And Ergonomics


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH207
Professor
Jiahua Chen
Chapter
1

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Chapter 1: Cognitive Psychology: History,
Methods, and Paradigms
Cognitive psychology refers to all processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated,
stored, recovered, and used.
Attention mental focus on stimulus
Perception interpretation of sensory information to yield meaningful information
Pattern recognition classification of stimulus into known category
Antecedent Philosophies & Traditions
Empiricism
Locke, Hume, Stuart Mill (LHS)
Knowledge derived from individual experience
Recognize genetic differences, but emphasize changeable aspects of humans
Learning by mental association between ideas
Nativism
Plato, Descartes, Kant (PDK)
Emphasis on biological endowment of capacities and abilities
THE FIVE MAJOR SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT
- Responsible for framing cognitive questions
1) Structuralism
Wundt, Baldwin (W,B)
Emphasis on elemental components of the mind rather than explanation
Introspection
o Investigation method
o Present stimulus, participant reports conscious experience
2) Functionalist
William James (W)
Deemed psychology to be explanation of our own experience
Emphasis on function of the mind
Method: introspection in natural settings
3) Behaviourism
Watson, Skinner (WS)
Dominant 1930-60
Rejected introspection due to lack of progress
Skinner hypothesized mental representations (internal depictions of information)
Emphasis on relation between inputs (stimuli) and outputs (responses)
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version