Rec 100: Chapter 12 Textbook Notes

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Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Chapter 12 Leisure in Natural Settings Classifying Leisure in Natural Settings  Can be a number of different activities/experiences that take place  Outdoor activities may not necessarily be focused on nature itself o Ex. wilderness canoeing has nature as more of a primary focus, whereas ATV riding requires outdoors, but doesn’t have nature as a primary focus  Facility-based: downhill skiing, golfing  Nature-based: backpacking, canoe tripping, berry picking o Requires little facilities  Nature-oriented: focused more on the experience of nature  User-oriented: focused more on the experience of the activity o Ex. going mountain biking to socialize in nature with friends  Consumptive activities: physical elements of the natural world are collected (game, fish, fossils, berries, etc.)  Non-consumptive activities: activities in which nothing is physically taken from nature (hiking, whale watching, etc.)  When classifying nature based recreation, it depends more on the motives behind the activities rather than the activities themselves  Lists of activities focus on rates or frequencies of participation, not preference o This may mask constraints that limit participation The Five Components of Outdoor Recreation 1. Collection of physical objects a. Youthful stage in the development of outdoor recreation experiences b. Ex. collecting/bringing home rocks, frogs, bugs, etc. c. This provided us with a “certificate” of our experiences 2. Feelings of isolation in nature 3. Experiencing fresh air and scenery a. It can be enjoyed by many without interfering with others doing the same 4. Perception of nature 5. Development of a sense of husbandry (responsibility or obligation to the environment) The Total Recreation Experience  Consists of 4 stages in a typical outdoor leisure experience 1. Anticipation – dreaming, imagining, and deciding to participate in recreation 2. Planning – make preparations for participation 3. Participation – doing the activity 4. Recollection – memories retained from the experience (through pictures, etc.) Supply, or Where the Experience Occurs National Parks  Canada has 41 national parks  National parks are managed to protect the natural environment and provide Canadians with opportunities to enjoy the outdoor recreation and leisure opportunities they provide Heritage Rivers  There are 39 Canadian Heritage Rivers across the country o Wide spectrum from canals, to sub arctic rivers Provincial Parks  Place opportunities for recreation as a priority  It is the opportunity to experience nature near to home that ensures that all Canadians have access to these meaningful experiences Management Concepts  Carrying capacity = the maximum number of recreationists that a given area can accommodate without having a negative impact on the environment or the experiences of other recreationists o Dependent on the amount, type, and timing of the activity  Physical carrying capacity = capacity of the built environment to accommodate users o Often fixed and to a large degree known, unlike ecological and psychological C.C. o How many cars can fit in the Moraine Lake parking lot at
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