Rec 100: Chapter 13 Textbook Notes

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Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Chapter 13 Exploring Leisure Boundaries What is Leisure?  Literature is “conceptualized in the literature as a positive realm of activity in which there are a myriad of benefits to participants and non-participants alike, both directly and indirectly”  Leisure researchers have focused more on the benefits of leisure because they believed: o Leisure is considered to be activity carried out in harmony with the main values of the larger society o Leisure has the potential to contribute positively to the quality of individual lives Leisure and Deviance  Deviance is dependent on the eye of the beholder  Deviant behaviour can be defined as “conduct that is perceived by others as violating institutionalized expectations that are widely share as legitimate with the society”  Deviant behaviour can vary – can be banned in one society but may be common in another  According to Stebbins, deviant behaviour can take 2 forms: o Tolerable behaviour  Behaviour where the threat to the community is perceived to be quite low and is tolerated by members of the community  Ex. gambling, recreational drug use, alcohol, some forms of sexual behaviour o Intolerable behaviour  Behaviour in violation of powerful criminal and non-criminal moral norms  Ex. theft, assault, rape, suicide, substance abuse, compulsive gambling What is Marginal or Deviant Leisure?  “marginal” is often used instead of “deviant”  Purple recreation – type of activity which is not considered socially acceptable o Indicates the “off-colour” nature of the activity  Taboo recreation – another term b/c these activities challenge societal norms, laws, or beliefs  some people engage in marginal leisure to attempt to control outcomes (ex. gambling) o others are simply attracted to the activity (ex. drinking, smoking, etc.) Substance Use  legal or illegal depending on the substance  substance abuse is the most prevalent type of taboo recreation  it is so popular because: o it allows us to escape from everyday life o substances are combined with other recreational activities to increase the excitement o growing availability (and peer pressure)  drinking/drugs can turn from leisure activity to addictive problem when a person has no control over whether he or she uses a drug or drinks (they have become addicted) o addicts believe that they HAVE to have it Gambling  reasons for gambling: o it is a recreational activity (now, gambling is mainstream recreational activity for the majority of adults and isn’t considered a problem – a form a tolerable deviance)  since gambling is only a problem for a small % of those who participate and it results in large revenues for those promoting gambling, it will be nearly impossible to restrict gambling  Smi
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