Rec 100: Chapter 19 Textbook Notes

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Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Chapter 19 Leisure Across the Life Course Leisure and the Life Course  Life course – transitions of a person’s development related to aging (infant to adult), and possible life stages (spouse, parent, grandparent, widow)  Leisure repertoire – opportunities individuals may have acquired across their life course o Influenced by: gender, culture, context of family, opportunities, etc. o Leisure allows people to separate themselves from assigned roles, to experience relationships, to share in experiences which further develop their personalities, family interactions, and family role expectations  Leisure may change in response to personal needs, interests, and abilities; to institutional (work and family) demands, and to cultural change o Therefore, chronological age is a weak predictor of leisure behaviour! o Instead, the stage of an individual’s life course (single, married with no kids, married with babies, married with teenagers, empty nest, divorced, widow) may be more useful in identifying the activity patterns as we age o Ex. 3 19-24 year olds may not be at the same stage of the life cycle (even though they are the same age) – 1 may be married, the other may be unemployed and single, etc.  THEREFORE: better to understand people in the context of their life stages!  Zuzanek said that life cycle could be operationalized into a combination of 4 factors 1. Biological age 3. Presence of children 2. Marital status 4. Employment status  Amount of time devoted to categories change as people enter new stages in their life course o Ex. social role (being a parent) demands their time / affects time available for leisure  In an attempt to develop identity, children/teens are influence by their parents/peers, sometimes causing conflict and usually influencing leisure activity participation Resources for Leisure  The primary resources of leisure: time, space, skill, companions, equipment, and money o Leisure requires resources, but people may not always have these resources o Ex. decision to participate in an activity may depend on cost or time commitment Transitions throughout the Life Course  During leisure, individuals are able to step out of their assigned roles, capture the essence of a relationship, and share an experience that can help mold their personalities, personal and family role expectations, and patterns of a relationship interaction  Watching TV can stifle communication; family game playing can stimulate communication  Shared leisure activities is a good way to communicate, develop new roles, exchange new ideas, and promote relational cohesion → effects can be long term Leisure Development through the Course of Life  Developmental theory – how we all come to be the individuals we are o How we evolve through learning and taking on new roles throughout our lives  To understand leisure in developmental terms, it must be approached from a dual perspective: o Socialized through leisure – one learns and develops while in the process of identifying the self (ex. learn that we are a good athlete, a talented musician, etc.) o Socialized into leisure – socialization is the acquisition of knowledge, attitude, skills,
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