Rec 100: Chapter 7 Textbook Notes

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Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Chapter 7 Leisure Constraints Leisure Constraints in Your Everyday Life  Types of leisure constraints: o Intrapersonal (ex. lack of interest) o Interpersonal (ex. the date, absence of friends) o Structural (costs, lack of time, other commitments)  Constraints not only influence recreation preferences/participation, but also leisure enjoyment  Negotiation of constraints – people try to alleviate or overcome the influences of constraints o Participation still occurs, but different from if there wasn’t any constraints to begin with The Purpose and Value of Leisure Constraints Research  Leisure constraints research aims to investigate factors that limit the formation of leisure preferences and/or to inhibit or prohibit participation and enjoyment in leisure  Why research leisure constraints? 1. The topic is of interest and value in and of itself; can also help to explain why observed relationships among values/attitudes and leisure preferences are frequently tenuous 2. Assists in generating new insights into aspects of leisure previously thought to be well understood (leisure participation, motivations, satisfactions, recreational conflict) 3. Useful device to enhance communication among scholars with diverse disciplinary training, topical interests, and methodological orientations A Brief Overview of the Development of Leisure Constraints Research  2 important early assumptions: 1. Constraints are immovable, static obstacles to participation 2. The most significant effect of constrains on leisure is to block/limit participation Theories and Models 3 specific developments occurred between 1987-1991:  Antecedent constraints – limiting factors that shape the development of interests/preferences  Leisure constraints negotiation – many people manage to participate in their chosen leisure activities despite constraints o Contradicting view that “the more constrained people participate in leisure more frequently” with the assumption that “more constraints mean less leisure”  New theorizing and construction of models  Crawford and Godbey - preferences were also affected by constraints (not just participation/non-participation)  Lack of desire/awareness of an activity due to constraints o Structural constraints are the least important in shaping leisure behaviour o Intra- and interpersonal constraints are more important influences on leisure  “the negotiation thesis” – despite experiencing constraints, people find do find ways to participate in and enjoy leisure, even if such participation and enjoyment may differ from what they would have been in the absence of constraints Research on Structural Constraints  Categories of structural constraints to leisure: o
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