Rec 100: Chapter 10 Textbook Notes

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University of Waterloo
Recreation and Leisure Studies
REC 100
Diana Parry

Chapter 10 Leisure Travel Defining Tourism  DEFINITION: the activities of persons away from their usual environment for a period of no more than one year, and for almost any purpose of travel except commuting to work or school o “outside usual environment” = travel at least 80 km from home or across an international border  PURPOSES: work (business meetings), conferences, medical purposes, religious purposes, personal matters (attending a weeding), visiting family/friends, travel for pleasure  World’s largest industry – generating over $1 trillion USD globally o not really an industry, it is something that people do  Different tourism industries: o Transportation o Travel agencies and tour o Accommodation operators o Food and beverage services o Sightseeing companies o Recreation and entertainment o Convention services  Tourism commodities – products and services that draw a significant portion of their sales from visitors (ex. for transportation – passenger rail, vehicle rentals, vehicle fuel, etc.) How Big is Tourism in Canada?  2003 – 86.5 million trips, spending $36.2 billion spent by Canadians ($55.5 billion international)  Domestic destinations account for over 90% of all trips Canadians take  International travel – the US is the most frequently visited country (b/c of proximity to Canada)  Most popular foreign country to visit is Mexico (proximity, resorts, good value) Profiles of Leisure Travellers  Marital status – little impact on the tendency to take leisure trips  Still in high school – less likely to travel  University degree – more likely to travel  Employed – more likely to travel  People not in the labour force (full-time students, retirees) – less likely to travel  Households earning < $40,000 – less likely to travel  Higher income – more likely to travel  Households earning > $80,000 – make more trips longer than 1 day  Family structure o Adults who live alone – not as likely to travel as adults who love with other adults o Households with 3+ adults – twice as likely to take trips than households with 2 adults o Children in household – less likely to travel  Family car is the most common mode of travel for both same-day and overnight trips nd  Buses are 2 most common for same-day travel nd  Airlines are 2 most common for overnight trips  Approx. 7/10 overnight trips are 1 night, and 1/6 last 2 nights o Traditional 2 week vacation (from a generation ago) has virtually disappeared b/c of time pressure for most working people  Nearly half of all overnight trips are taken during the summer  Canadians stay close to home from Labour Day to Victoria Day  Same-day travel isn’t affected by seasons  Ontarians are more likely than the average to travel; Quebecers and BC’s are less likely  Most Canadians don’t travel outside their own province  Most common same-day trip activities: 1. Shopping 2. Sports 3. Sightseeing 4. Visiting friends/relatives  Participation in every activity is higher for overnight trips except downhill skiing  Water-based activities are more likely done on overnight trips  People are more likely to go to a bar or nightclub as part of an overnight trip Factors Shaping Leisure Travel  Time Pressures o Many Canadians feel they have little free time (hard to manage 2-week vacations due to
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