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Chapter 2

SDS353R Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Parental Leave, System On A Chip


Department
Social Development Studies
Course Code
SDS353R
Professor
Geoff Malleck
Chapter
2

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CHILDREN’S RIGHTS IN CANADA: A QUESTION OF COMMITMENT
[ TWO ] CHILD POVERTY: THE EVOLUTION AND IMPACT
OF CHILD BENEFITS
KEN BATTLE
INTRODUCTION: FAMILY POLICY AT CROSSROADS?
-ve side: cuts to soc assistance benefits, shrinkage of EI coverage, and low minimum wages
+ve side: range of efforts to combat child poverty and better meet basic needs t/ improvements in 3 main
pillars of CDN family policychild benefits, child care, and parental leave
NO MAGIC BULLETS
Overall, no LT reduction of child poverty rates (BUT, would be higher if not for child benefits)
15.7% (1 child in 6) in CAN in poverty
CHILD BENEFITS IN CANADA
1998: National Child Benefit (NCB)
Core Objectives
Child benefits = cash payments on behalf of children delivered in form of cheques or income tax reductions
Historically pursued: - antipoverty objectiveCB seek to help fill gap btwn earnings of low- & modest-
wage parents and their families’ income needs
- horizontal equity objectiveCB as one way for society to provide some financial
recompense for expenses families with children have
tht childless families dN
Both assume tht society has interest and obligation to help parents w/ childrearing costs b/c children
viewed partially as “public good”/”investment”
Canada’s CB sys not—contrary to popular belieftargeted narrowly at poor in terms of eligibility; rather,
broad-based sys tht covers large majority of families (abt 9/10)
Evolution of Child Benefits
Phase 1: regressive targeting—children’s tax exemption in form of income tax savings (i↑’g w/ taxable
income and excluded families tht dN owe income tax)
Phase 2: untargeted universality--
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