What is Reform liberalism.docx

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Social Development Studies
SDS 131R
Theresa Romkey

What is Reform liberalism? Reform Liberalism also known as welfare liberalism was developed from the nineteenth century into the twentieth century. Notable philosophers include John Stuart Mill, T.H. Green, L.T Hobhouse, J.A. Hobson, John Dewey, John Maynard Keynes, they recognized the importance of individual liberties and the need for the state in order to create conditions that enhance these liberties ensuring equality of opportunity. Although derived from Liberalism, Reform Liberalism differs in that they dersire a freer allocation of resources than what the market provides on its own Also the role of the state: to regulate economic competition in order to cure the social ills and redress injuries wrought by the capitalist system They argue that liberalism should include social justice and expanding civil rights (negative versus positive liberty) Social justice>creating an egalitarian society or institution that is based on the principles of equality and solidarity, that understands and values human rights, and that recognizes the dignity of every human being Linked to the Social Gospel (applying Christian ethics to social problems), examples are Christians against poverty, food banks, Out of the Cold programs Civil rights>rights that protect individuals’ freedom, limits on what governments can do to their citizens The good of the community is harmonious with the freedom of the individual How does the idea of positive liberty fit within Mill’s notions of ‘self improvement? Focuses on liberty and self-improvement he wants freedom: freedom of thought, actions and associations he talks about the Harm Principle Mill embraces positive liberties whereas Locke embraces negative liberties Speaks out against capitalism and Smith’s notion of competition and linear growth Mill as a supporter of women’s rights, worries about the ‘tyranny of the majority’ What is the role of the state in creating the ‘good life’? also wants liberty and freedom focuses on the state'
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