Textbook Notes (363,452)
Canada (158,372)
Sociology (239)
SOC 101 (154)

Modern Social Theories.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

Modern Social Theories Chapter 3 Western Marxism  More independent and critical forms of Marxism Gramsci’s Concept of Hegemony  Antonio Gramsci helped found Communist party of Italy  Accepts struggle between ruling and subordinate working class but analyzed how it was ruled o Ruling class dominated through force and coercion using police and military  2 types of political control o domination  direct physical and violent coercion exerted by police and military to maintain social boundaries and enforce rules o hegemony  ideological control and consent  society’s dominant ideas reflect interests of ruling class an help mask social inequalities  no regime would be able to maintain rule by relying on organized state of power and armed force  must have allegiance of the masses  process constantly negotiated and renegotiated  not static; ruling class can’t take for granted Feminist Theories  many strands to feminist theories  all approach have at core a concern for gender oppression  women and men should be social and political equals  as group with social power, men have an interest in maintaining social privilege over women Dorothy Smith  produce sociology for women  critical of classical sociological approaches that are androcentric (male centered) and produce objectified forms  everyday world as problematic o how we are influenced by social relations that aren’t wholly discoverable within these worlds  extra local social relations (beyond immediate local setting) o “discourse” refers to socially organized activity among people o we must move outside current frame of sociology which gives primacy to concepts and topics recognized by discipline itself o starting point of inquiry  experience world directly (physical and social) o standpoint: researcher creates space for subject and their experiences  sociology that preserves presence of a subject as an active and experiencing person  doesn’t erase presence of real individual  contrasts macrosociological accounts that produce objectified forms of knowledge  critical of knowledge that treats world as being out there –discoverable object  Ruling Relations o Indicate socially organized exercise of power that shapes people’s actions and lives o Abstract, conceptual and extra locally organized relations of state, professions, corporations, academic discourses, mass media, etc o ‘we don’t really need account of our experiences as much as an explanation of how we came to have these experiences’ o we’re all experts on our own experiences, but we need to know what we can’t see from where we’re located  Complex Relations, Multiple Sites o World structured by complex and extended social relations that are connections between people o Tells people how things happened and that they can use to effect social change Bell Hooks  Penn name of Gloria Jean Watkins  Critical figure in black feminist though – anti racist feminism and multicultural feminism o Race is inextricable from gender Modern Social Theories Chapter 3 Post Structuralism  Concerned with how knowledge is socially produced  Influenced feminist theory, queer, post colonial, and anti racist theorizing Michel Foucault  Interested in power and knowledge collaboration  Struggles based on race, gender and sexuality were marginalized  Power, Knowledge and discourse o Repressive hypothesis: truth is absolutely opposed to power, and plays a liberating role  Truth as something that can be produced outside of power relations – being objective o Power is not a thing possessed by individuals over each other  Being created within social relationships  We can resist power  Individuals have agency to be able to resist and change power  Capacity for self directed action o Truths are contextual  Can’t be separated from relations of power  To know something is to exercise power o Discourses: system of meaning that governs how we think, act, speak about an issue  Not only what the world is, but what the world ought to be like  Discipline o How we come to be motivated to produce particular realities o Normalization:
More Less

Related notes for SOC 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.