Textbook Notes (363,452)
Canada (158,372)
Sociology (239)
SOC 101 (154)
Chapter 12

chapter 12 Education in Canada.docx

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University of Waterloo
SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

Education Chapter 12 Education in Canada  Education is responsible for transmission of particular knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes deemed desirable in a given society  Formal education tends to be regulated and organized  Informal involves learning activities that people seek outside of formal structure educational spaces Origins of Public Schooling in Canada  Residential Schools o Earliest forms of formal education by missionaries and religious orders o Aboriginals practiced organic education: tailored to needs of families, clans and communities  Ensured children knew key knowledge, skills, traditions and values  Not permitted to speak in own language, seeing families and subject to harsh disciplinary measures o Europeans wanted to assimilate Aboriginal children into dominant economic and cultural system  Mass Education o Industrialization and immigration created need for education system that would educate masses o Education was essential to Canada’s economic development o Boys and girls segregated within schools  Entrances, playgrounds, seating in classrooms Rising post Secondary Participation Rates  Massification: mass increase in post secondary enrolment, in contrast to the smaller numbers that once constituted an elite group  High school diploma can’t garner same kind of paid job as before o Minimum is an undergraduate degree  Women exceeded enrollment compared to males in 1999 Sociological Approaches to Education Functionalist Theory  Schools function as social systems o They need to serve and reflect values and interests of society in which they operate o Help make transition from being immersed in their individual homes and families to being future citizens able to function as workers in competitive spaces and participants in public life o Maintains equilibrium through allocation and socialization  Allocation – assigning grades, etc, as a sorting mechanism for future roles in society  Indicates where a person is in the social hierarchy  Socialization – teach students how to function in larger society  Respond to authority and respect punctuality  teach children to be good future citizens  hidden curriculum: informal or less overt aspects of schooling that nonetheless influence and shape students  Harry Gracey (1977) o Kindergarten teaches student role to children o Structured class times: told what to do, how to do it, where it should be done o Prepares students for successful participation in work world  Meritocracy: society in which resources are distributed fairly on the basis of merit o Fails to understand how one’s social location and larger socio-political relations and conditions affect one’s achievements Conflict Theory  Schooling as serving the capitalist aims of profit and complaint workers  Perceived as instrumental in preparing future conformers  Correspondence principle: prevails between schools and workplace o Schools are structured to be the same as a workplace o Uses grades and wages to motivate behaviour through external rewards  Tuition rates and class inequality o Most medical students come from households with high incomes, high status parental
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