Textbook Notes (367,822)
Canada (161,433)
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SOC 201 (15)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5: Homicide

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SOC 201
Barry Mc Clinchey

Chapter 5: Homicide Introduction - Genevieve Bergeron and the Montreal Massacre – attack on women - “I hate feminists” – killed Genevieve and 13 other women Definition of Homicide in Canada - Homicide: killing of a person by another (four types in Criminal Code) o First-degree murder: one who was killed deliberately/while victim of another serious crime/resulted from doing duties (cops, judge, etc.) o Second-degree murder o Manslaughter: killed in the heat of passion/provocation from victim o Infanticide: killing of newborn child by biological mother - Considered homicide victim whether killing was direct/indirect, by any means o When offender is found not criminally responsible, then not considered an offence under the CCC - Murder: victim’s death is deliberately causes or the result of reckless/negligent behaviour Risk of Homicide Victimization is Canada - Homicide victims in Canada – 0.02% of all crime reported to public o 1.85/100,000 people chance in 2007 - Quebec City continues to be one of the safest cities in North America - Homicide trends – less use of guns (31%), more use of knives (35%) Gender and Homicide Victimization - 2007 – 86.7% involved male offender, 73.2% were male victims o Women were accused of 13.3%, but 26.8% as victims (double) - Aboriginal people were more likely to know their attacker (88%) then non- Aboriginals (83%) - Aboriginal women were more like to be attacked by stranger (15%) compared to non-Aboriginal women (6%) Relationship Between Victim and Offender - 2006 – 83% of victims knew one or more of their attacker - BASICALLY: people are more likely to be victims to a non-intimate family member or casual acquaintance than a complete stranger Three Theories of Homicide - Homicide + Victim Precipitation o Wolfgang found some victims would precipitate their own death by being the first to resort to violence o Victim and offender often knew each other prior to encounter and often had prior disputes
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