Textbook Notes (368,123)
Canada (161,661)
Sociology (245)
SOC 222 (15)
Chapter 1

CHAPTER ONE: What is Delinquency and How Does it Differ from Adult Crime?

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 222
Professor
Owen Gallupe
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER ONE: What is Delinquency and How Does it Differ from Adult Crime? Juvenile Delinquents are viewed differently than Adult Criminals ­ If a juvenile breaks the law, the general public tend to view that person as  immature and in need of our guidance and help ­ Immaturity: the individual(s) did not know that what they’re doing was wrong;  did not appreciate the harm that actions might cause; could not control self; easily  led astray by others o Stems from lack of experience, therefore making poor  decisions/judgments o Stems from biological roots  ▯brain circuitry – pleasure and sensation  develops rapidly during adolescence, while behavioural control and  inhibitions lag behind ­ When an adult breaks the law, general view is that person is responsible for their  behaviour and deserves to be punished ­ Exceptions for juveniles committing previous/horrifying crimes + older and  serious juveniles: they deserve to be seriously punished by any means by the law Older, Serious Juvenile Offenders as an Exception ­ Over the past two decades, older juveniles who commit serious crimes have been  viewed and treated less like “traditional” juvenile delinquents an more like adult  offenders ­ The individuals who are tried as adults are seen not as immature and requiring the  need for guidance and help – seen as younger criminals, and stone cold predators ­ Major movement in the recent decades to punish older juveniles who commit  serious crimes more severely How can we explain the invention of Juvenile Delinquency? ­ “Invention of juvenile delinquency” is referring to the special way that society  views and treats these delinquents – new concept that emerged in the past 100 to  200 years ­ Juvenile delinquents are subject to a special set of laws, sent to a special court,  and placed in special correctional programs – more emphasis placed on  rehabilitation > punishment (adults) o However, they have not always been viewed and treated differently o Viewed and treated like adults offenders until the 1800s (Key features to the invention of juvenile delinquency)
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