Textbook Notes (368,501)
Canada (161,931)
Sociology (245)
SOC 222 (15)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13: Individual Traits

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 222
Professor
Owen Gallupe
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 13: Individual Traits (p. 231­236) Are Juveniles with Certain Traits more likely to engage in Delinquency? ­ Low verbal IQ o Individuals with low verbal IQ scores have trouble expressing themselves,  remembering information, and thinking abstractly EXPLANATIONS 1. Strain theory – low IQ  ▯increased strain  ▯difficulty achieving education  success  ▯increased likelihood of negative relationships with teachers,  peers, etc. • Low problem­solving skills = less able to cope legitimately 2. Social learning theory – low verbal IQ  ▯reduced likelihood of being  reinforced for conventional behaviour  ▯appealing more to crime 3. Control theory – low IQ  ▯poor school performance  ▯negative attitudes  towards school  ▯weakening stake of conformity • Reduced ability to foresee consequences ­ Low self­control o Super trait consisting of – impulsivity / strong preference for immediate  vs. delayed rewards / risk seeking / hyperactivity / low ambition,  motivation, perseverance / amoral beliefs or beliefs favourable to  delinquency = “wild/out of control” EXPLANATIONS 1. Strain theory – low SC  ▯more trouble achieving goals legitimately  • Prone to risky behaviour 2. Social learning theory – low SC  ▯more attracted to rewards associated  with crime, typically immediate/easily achieved • Crime seen in favourable light given their beliefs 3. Con
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