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Chapter 1

SOCWK120R Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Charity Organization Society, Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit, Medicine Wheel


Social Work (Social Development Studies)
Course Code
Craig Fortier

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Part One: Chapter One Historical Foundations of Addressing Need: Indigenous,
French, and English Traditions
Social Welfare: an organized system in which individuals and families can receive
support and social services
Indigenous Helping and Healing Traditions
Social work has a negative past with indigenous people however they greatly use
helping and healing traditions
Indigenous Approaches to Holistic Helping and Healing
Medicine wheel is a key part of helping and healing
Helping and Healing from Generation to Generation
Passed down orally through generations
Worry that this will not continue as some info was lost through residential schools
Traditional healers help an individual heal themself
Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (IQ)
o Traditional knowledge held by an inuit in the language they speak
o There are 4 laws and 6 guiding principles
Theory in Practice: Medicine Wheel
Wholeness - understanding each aspect of the four directions
Balance - attend to each part of the whole
Connection - referring to relationship among all parts of the wheel
Harmony - caring for connections in order to keep harmony between self and
Growth - lifelong process of motion towards the centre of medicine wheel
Healing - within an individual and those around them
French Historical Foundations of Social Work
Social welfare was through french foundations
Catholic church played a role
Poverty Relief and the Involvement of the Roman Catholic Church
Welfare in quebec was influenced by france’s emphasis on the family
No system, just multiple different entities having their own method
It was believed that poverty was individually driven due to the idea that one
cannot live within the current economic and social system
Poor people were either deserving or undeserving
o Deserving = poor through no fault of themself
Ex widows, orphans, and chronically ill people
o Undeserving = physically capable of work in some form but are
These people were sent to workhouses
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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