Anth 100 Lectures 1 to 4 Key Terms.docx

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23 Apr 2012
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Anth 100 - Midterm Review
Key Terms Lectures 1-4
Word
Definition
Anthropology
The study of humans through time and
space
4 fields: linguistic, biological,
archaeology, cultural
Culture
Socially learned behaviors/knowledge
Symbol
Mannerisms, language (slang), images
(interpreted differently)
Cultural orange
Culture is divided into segments
(religion, food, language)
Cultural onion
Layers of culture, that expand into
larger global culture
Ethnography
Long term research, holistic slow
approach
Ethnology
Comparative work of different cultures
Armchair anthropologists
Look at others field work and analyze,
write ethnologies
Fieldwork
The way anthropologists do their
research
Field notes
Notes taken during fieldwork
Participant observation
Learning by doing (ex.Malinowski)
emerse into that culture
Key informant
During field work main person who
helps you understand their culture
Genealogical research
Making sense of kinship/marriage
networks
Culture shock
Not understanding a new culture you
are in is very frustrating
Enculturation
Becoming part of the culture you are
in/studying
Ethnocentrism
Biased world view from how you see the
world
Cultural relativism
The idea that you understand “their
view”/why it is that way
Tapa
Cloth made of bark with decorative
design (used as clothing too) Maisin
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