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BIOL 112 (157)
Chapter 15

Textbook Notes on Chapter 15

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University of British Columbia
BIOL 112
Karen Smith

Chapter 15 Notes151 What do Genes Do knockout mutants null mutants lossoffunction mutants a mutant of a particular gene that does notfunction at all metabolic pathway order of chemical rxns that build or break a certain molecule Each gene contains information to make one enzymemost proteins act as enzymes that catalyze specific rxs in metabolic pathways allele a particular version of a genegenotype all of the alleles of every gene present in a given individual may refer to the allels of a certain set of genes under a studyphenotype detectable physicalphysiological traits of individual associated with certain alleles 152 The Central Dogma of Molecular Biology 20 types of amino acidsmRNA carries information from DNA to the site or protein synthesis RNA polymerase enzyme that catalyzes RNA synthesis synthesizes according to the information provided by the sequences of bases in a partic
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