Chapter 1: Independent Questions
I. The Scientific Study of Human Development
1. Define developmental psychology.
A. Philosophical Roots
2. Identify the key ideas and the implied parental responsibilities of:
(a) The doctrine of original sin,
(d) If you attended an elementary school that endorsed a policy to reduce teacher control
because students are viewed as naturally possessing the desire or internal motivation to work
hard, this policy would best reflect the ideas of _________. (Choose between 2 a, b, or c)
B. The Study of Human Development Becomes a Science
Since the 1930s philosophical ideas have been translated into scientific theories. In turn, scientific
theories are tested/evaluated using scientific research methods. This section reviews some of the
early scientific theories that have paved the way for the more contemporary scientific theories,
which are covered in chapter two.
3. (a) What concept did Darwin’s theory of evolution contribute to developmental psychology?
(b) What concept did Hall contribute to developmental psychology? Define this concept.
(c) What concept did Gesell contribute to developmental psychology? Define this concept.
C. A Brief History of the Roots of Psychology in Canada (Optional reading: Not on exams)
II. Contemporary Developmental Psychology
4. Identify the THREE ways that contemporary developmental psychology has changed since
the early days (see introductory paragraph only).
A. The Lifespan Perspective
5. (a) Your textbook states that the lifespan perspective invites interdisciplinary investigations.
What unique contributes do psychology, anthropology, and sociology typically make to the
study of human development.
(b) Define the lifespan perspective.
(c) What did one of the early leaders in the lifespan perspective (Paul Baltes) propose about
B. The Domains of Development
6. Although there are multiple factors that influence human development, no single theory has
been able to comprehensively incorporate these multiple factors. As a result, it is typically
appropriate to think of each theory as limited or narrowly focused on one of the domains of
(a) Identify THREE domains of human development.
(b) Identify what each of the three domains address or include.
C. The Interactionist Model of Development 7. (a) Define the nature-nurture controversy.
(b) Are ‘forces outside of individuals’ (or external factors