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FMST 210 (63)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Independent Questions.docx

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Family Studies
FMST 210
Maria Weatherby

Chapter 10 Independent Questions nd1 What does society of childhood mean See 2 paragraph in the introduction section Children make up their own social rules that differ from those of adult societyI Theories of Social and Personality DevelopmentA Psychoanalytical Perspectives 2 a What is the challenge of middle childhood according to Freud children between age 6 and puberty repress libidinal desires to concentrate on developing friendships and social skillsthe challenge of the middle childhood years was to form emotional bonds with peers and to move beyond those that were developed with parents in earlier yearsb According to Erikson why might a child develop a sense of inferiority rather than industry characterized middle childhood as the period during which children experience the crisis of industry versus inferiority During this stage Erikson said children develop a sense of their own competence through the achievement of culturally defined learning goals see Table 22 on page 35 The psychosocial task of the 6 to 12yearold is development of industry or the willingness to work to accomplish goals To develop industry the child must be able to achieve the goals her culture sets for all children her age In most countries 6 to 12yearolds must learn to read and write If they fail to do so Eriksons view claims then they will enter adolescence and adulthood with feelings of inferiority These feelings of inferiority constitute an emotional mindset that can hamper an individuals ability to achieve for the rest of her lifeB The Big Five Personality Traits3 a What do trait theorists believe See first paragraph in this section personality as being built on the foundation of the childs inborn temperamentb Identify the Big Five Personality Traits You need to know all of Table 101Extraversion active assertive enthusiastic outgoing high activity level sociability positive emotionality talkativeness Agreeableness affectionate forgiving generous kind sympathetic trusting high positive emotionality effortful control Conscientiousness efficient organized prudent reliable responsible effortful control task persistence Neuroticism anxious selfprying tense touchy unstable worrying negative emotionality irritability Opennessintellect artistic curious imaginative original wide interests approach low inhibition c Why might children high in agreeableness display less aggression than children low in agreeableness children who receive high ratings on agreeableness are less likely to display aggression than are their less agreeable peers This association may be explained by other research showing that children who are high in agreeableness use more effective conflict resolution strategies than do those who are lower in this trait
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