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FMST 210 (63)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Independent Questions.docx

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Department
Family Studies
Course
FMST 210
Professor
Maria Weatherby
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 6 Independent Questions I Theories of Social and Personality DevelopmentA Psychoanalytical PerspectivesSee Lecture TemplatesB Ethological Perspectives1 a Bowlby distinguished between two different types of affectionate human relationships Clarify the difference between an affectionate bond and attachmentAttachment the emotional tie to a parent experienced by an infant from which the child derives security Affectionate bond the emotional tie to an infant experienced by a parentb Define reactive attachment disorder a disorder that appears to prevent a child from forming close social relationships They claim that infants who fail to form a close relationship with a primary caregiver are at risk for future social and personality problems Studies of infants whose life circumstances do not permit them to engage in extended contact with a single caregiversuch as children who are brought up in orphanages or who are hospitalized for long periods during infancyseem to confirm ethologists view Research Report Adoption and Development 2 Read the research report on pp 150151 a Why might the formation of attachment be more challenging for infants that are adopted many aspects of temperament and personality are inherited Therefore an adopted child is more likely than a biological child to be different from his parents in these traits which may give rise to problemsb What did Elinor Amess 1997 research with Romanian orphans find found that the infants who had lived in the Romanian orphanages for more than 4 months before being adopted by British Columbian families tended to have more psychological and motorbehaviour problems than nonadopted children Moreover the more months an infant had lived in the Romanian orphanage the more serious his or her difficulties werec What did Lucy LeMares 2001 research with Romanian orphans find found that there was considerable variability between individuals but as a group the RO continued to show significantly more difficulties than comparable Canadianborn or earlyadopted Romanian children In particular RO children had lower than average IQs and academic achievement and more difficulties with attention learning and peer relationshipsII AttachmentA The Parents Attachment to the Infant 3 a Define synchrony a mutual interlocking pattern of attachment behaviours shared by a parent and a child What is essential in the formation of that bond is the opportunity for mother and infant to develop a mutual interlocking pattern of attachment behaviours called synchrony Moore 2007 Synchrony is like a conversation The baby signals his needs by crying or smiling he responds to being held by quieting or snuggling he looks at the parents when they look at him The mother in turn enters into the interaction with her own repertoire of caregiving behavioursb Identify the parental behaviours that are similar between fathers and mothersfathers bond with the infant like the mothers seems to depend more on the development of synchrony than on contact immediately after birth Aiding the development of such mutuality is the fact that fathers seem to have the same repertoire of attachment behaviours as do mothers In the early weeks of the babys life fathers touch talk to and cuddle their babies in the same ways that mothers do
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