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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Independent Questions .doc

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University of British Columbia
Family Studies
FMST 210
Maria Weatherby

Chapter 12 Independent QuestionsI Theories of Social and Personality DevelopmentA Psychoanalytic Perspectives1a According to Erikson what is an identity crisisIdentity Crisisa period during which an adolescent is troubled by his lack of an identity Emotional turmoil that arises when an adolescents sense of self becomes unglued so that a new more mature sense of self can be achieved b How do peer groups help adolescents with an identity crisis Peer groups form a base of security from which the young person can more toward a unique solution of identity crisis B Marcias Theory of Identity Achievement2Marcia argued that adolescent identity formation consists of two key dimensions a crisis and a commitment a Define crisis and commitmentCrisisa period of decisionmaking when old values and old choices are reexamined Commitmenta result of a reevaluation is a commitment to a specific role value goal or ideology b Based on the two dimensions in 2a four identity types emerge i Identity Achievement ii Foreclosure iii Moratorium and iv Identity Diffusion Determine whether a crisis and whether a commitment exists in each of the four types See Figure 121IIdentity Achievement The person has been through a crisis and has reached a commitment to ideological occupational or other goals IIMoratorium A crisis is in progress but no commitment has yet been made IIIForeclosure The person has made a commitment without having gone through a crisis No reassessment of old position has been made Instead the young person has simply accepted a parentally or culturally defined commitment IVIdentity Diffusion The young person is not in the midst of a crisis although there may have been one on the past and has not made a commitment Diffusion may thus represent either an early stage in the process before a crisis or a failure to reach a commitment after a crisis
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