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Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Independent Questions .doc

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Family Studies
FMST 210
Maria Weatherby

Chapter 6 Independent Questions I Theories of Social and Personality DevelopmentA Psychoanalytical PerspectivesOptional Reading See Lecture TemplatesNotesB Ethological Perspectives 1a Bowlby distinguished between two different types of affectionate human relationships Clarify the difference between an affectionate bond and attachment Note See definitions in the margin as the phrasing in the paragraph is poorAffectionate Bondthe emotional tie to an infant experienced by a parent Attachmentthe emotional tie to a parent experienced by an infant from which the child derives security b Define reactive attachment disorderReactive Attachment Disordera disorder that appears to prevent a child from forming close social relationships Research Report Adoption and Development2Read the research report on pp 150151a Why might the formation of attachment be more challenging for infants that are adoptedThe formation of attachment is more challenging for infants that are adopted because they are biologically different from the adopting parents For example two shy parents might find an outgoing child as difficult to deal with Therefore attachment with adopted infants is challenging b What did Elinor Amess 1997 research with Romanian orphans findElinor Ames research found that infants who had lived in Romanian orphanages for more than 4 months before being adopted by BC families tended to have more psychological and motorbehavior problems than nonadopted children She also found that the more months an infant had lived in the Romanian orphanage the more serious their difficulties were c What did Lucy LeMares 2001 research with Romanian orphans findLucy Lemares research found that there was considerable variability between individuals but as a group the Romanian orphans continued to show significantly more difficulties than comparable Canadianborn or early adopted Romanian children She found that Romanian orphans had lower than average IQs and lower academic achievement and more difficulties with attention learning and peer relationships
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