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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Independent Questions .doc

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Family Studies
FMST 210
Maria Weatherby

Chapter 1 Independent QuestionsI The Scientific Study of Human Development1Define developmental psychologyDevelopmental Psychology is the scientific study of agerelated changes to our bodies behavior thinking emotions social relationships and personalities A Philosophical Roots2Identify the key ideas and the implied parental responsibilities of a The doctrine of original sin innate sin Attributed to the 4thcentury North African philosopher Augustine of Hippo Taught that all humans are born with a selfish and stubborn nature To reduce this Augustine said humans must seek redemption by leading a disciplined life Thus from this perspective parents facilitate the childs struggle to overcome an inborn tendency to act immorally by restraining and correcting the childs immoral tendenciesb Locke clean slate Believed in empiricism Claimed that the mind of a child is a blank slateEmpiricism is the view that humans possess no innate tendencies and that all differences among humans are attributable to experience As such the blank slate view suggests that adults can mold children into whatever they want them to beDifferences among adults can be explained in terms of the differences in their childhood environments rather than as a result of a struggle to overcome their inborn tendencies as the original sin view proposedc Rousseau innate goodness Claimed that all human beings are naturally good and seek out experiences that help them grow Rousseau believed that children need only nurturing and protection to reach their full potential Good developmental outcomes happen when a childs environment refrains from interfering in her attempts to nurture their own development In contrast poor outcomes occur when a child experiences frustration in their efforts d If you attended an elementary school that endorsed a policy to reduce teacher control because students are viewed as naturally possessing the desire or internal motivation to work hard this policy would best reflect the ideas of Rousseau
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