Chapter 2 Lecture Notes

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22 Dec 2011
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The state has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force. Note that this places violence at the very center of the governance & politics. Having the means of power is not the same as being powerful . Traditional authority: derived from long-established customs and values: associated with monarchies. Charismatic authority: derived from the personal attributes of the ruler: associated with dictatorships. Legal-rational authority: derived from the status of an office within the constitutional framework: associated with democratic rule. Elements of each can be found in combination in various forms of government. Michel foucault (1926-1984: power is ubiquitous, all relations are relations of power. Three dimentions of power: the pluralist definition: A has power over b to the extent that he can get b to do something that b wouldn t otherwise do (robert dahl) Pluralists argue that although certain groups might exercise power in specific areas, no single group will dominate across the range of policy-making.

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