PSYC 101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Fallacy, Blind Experiment, Scatter Plot

33 views3 pages
30 Jan 2013
School
Department
Course
Scientific Method - A set of rules that governs the collection and analysis of data
gained through observational studies or experiments
Naturalistic Observation - The observation of the behaviour of people or other
animals in their natural habitats
Clinical Observation - The observation of the behaviour of people who are
undergoing diagnosis or treatment.
Correlational Study - The examination of relations between two or more
measurements of behaviour or other characteristics of people or other animals
Experiment - A study in which the researcher changes the value of an independent
variable and observes whether this manipulation affects the value of a dependent
variable. ONLY EXPERIMENTS DETERMINE the existence of cause-and-effect
relationships
Hypothesis - A statement, designed to be tested by and experiment, that tentatively
expresses a cause and effect relationship between two or more events
Theory - A set of statements that are designed to explain a set of phenomena. This is
more encompassing than a hypothesis
Case Study - A detailed description of an individuals behaviour during the course of
clinical treatment or diagnosis
Survey Study - A study of people's responses to standardized questions
Variable - Anything capable of assuming any of several values
Manipulation - Setting the values of an independent variable in an experiment to see
whether the value of another variable is affected
Experimental Group - A group of participants in an experiment, the members of
which are exposed to the naturally occurring independent variable.
Control Group - A comparison group used in an experiment, the members of which
are exposed to the naturally occurring value of the independent variable
Independent variable - The variable that is manipulated in an experiment as a
means of determining cause and effect relations
Dependent Variable - The variable that is measured in an experiment
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class