PSYC 102 Chapter Notes -Rorschach Test, Thematic Apperception Test, Hermann Rorschach

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7 Feb 2013
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COMM 292: Organizational Behaviour
Lecture #8
Defense mechanisms: reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
o Repression: banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from
consciousness
o Reaction formation: switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites
o Projection: leads people to disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing
them to others
Carl Jung:
Collective unconscious: contains images derived from our species universal experiences
Karen Horney:
Shared Adler's emphasis on social tensions of childhood
Countered Freud's assumption that women have weak superegos and infantile tendencies
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT):
Henry Murray
People express their personality through stories they make up about ambiguous scenes
Rorschach Inkblot Test:
Most widely used projective test
Designed by Hermann Rorschach
People express their personality through their interpretations of the blots
How they are interpreted:
o Form (how common)
o Colour
o Use of detail/white space
o Motion
o Special categories: pairs, reflections, humans/animals morbid
Projective test problems
o Is there a way to use this as a test, standardize the test
Being able to score responses about the ink plots
o Reliability - consistency
o Validity - accuracy
Evaluating Psychoanalysis:
Not developed through science
Many premises are not testable
Many testable premises have been scientifically refuted (ex. Repression)
But the general idea of the unconscious is right
In Defence of Psychoanalysis:
"The scientific legacy of Sigmund Freud: toward a psychodynamically informed
psychological science" - Drew Western
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