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Chapter 2

PSYC 208 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Observational Learning, Automaticity

1 pages47 viewsFall 2012

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 208
Professor
Maria Weatherby
Chapter
2

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LEARNING THEORIES
(Similarities and Differences)
COGNITIVE THEORIES
(Similarities and Differences)
SYSTEMS
THEORIES
NAME OF THEORY OR THEORIST
Pavlov’s Theory of
Classical
Conditioning
Skinner’s Theory of
Operant
Conditioning
Bandura’s Social-
Learning or Social-
Cognitive Theory
Piaget’s Theory of
Cognitive
Development
Information-
Processing (IP)
Theories
Vygotsky’s
Socio-Cultural
Theory
Bronfenbrenner’s
Bio-Ecological
Theory
CONCEPTS and PRINCIPLES
Unconditioned
Stimulus (UCS)
Positive
Reinforcement
Observational Learning
(types of models; stages
of observational learning)
Sensorimotor Stage Sensory Memory
(or Sensory
Register)
Cultural Tools Individual Context
Unconditioned
Response (UCR)
Negative
Reinforcement
Self-Efficacy
(Sources of self-efficacy)
Pre-operational Stage Short-Term
Memory
(or Working
Memory)
Zone of Proximal
Development
Microsystem Context
Conditioned
Stimulus (CS)
Positive Punishment Concrete Operational
Stage
Long-Term
Memory
Scaffolding Mesosystem Context
Conditioned
Response (CR)
Negative punishment Formal Operational
Stage
Operational
Efficiency
Egocentric
Speech
Exosystem Context
Shaping Scheme Attention
(sustained,
selective, divided)
Internalization Macrosystem Context
Preference Assimilation Encoding Chronosystem
Context
Immediacy Accommodation Expertise
Continuous versus
partial reinforcement
schedules
Automaticity
Size Executive Control
Strategies
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