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PSYC 305 (62)
David King (25)
Chapter 5


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University of British Columbia
PSYC 305
David King

CHAPTER 5 PERSONALITY DISPOSITION OVER TIME STABILITY COHERENCECHANGE Conceptual Issues Personality Development Stability CoherenceChange What Is Personality Developmentcan be defined as the continuities consistenciesstabilities in people over timethe ways in which people change over time 3 most important forms of stability are rank order stability mean level stabilitypersonality coherence Rank Order Stabilitymaintenance of individual position within a group if people tend to maintain their positions on dominance or extraversion relative to others over time there is high rank order stability to those characteristics if people fail to maintain their rank order then the group is displaying rank order instabilityrank order change Mean Level Stability constancy of level ex if average level of liberalism or conservatism in a group remains same over time group exhibits high mean level stability if average degree of political orientation changes then population is displaying mean level changePersonality Coherence maintaining rank order in relation to other individuals but changing manifestations of the trait ie you show dominance at age 8at age 20 differently continuity in the underlying trait but change in the outward manifestation of that trait Personality Change notion of personality development in the sense of change over time requires elaboration not all change qualifies as developmentnot all internal changes can properly be considered development temporary changes in personality do not constitute personality development unless they produce more enduring changes in personality personality change has 2 defining qualities changes are typically internal to the person not merely changes in external surroundingschanges are relatively enduring over timeThree Levels of Analysis Population Level ex Freuds psychosexual development deals with changesconstancies that apply more or less to everyoneex almost everyone in the population tends to increase in sexual motivation at puberty there is a general decrease in impulsive and risktaking behaviours as we ageGroup Differences Level some changes over time affect different groups of people differently ex men and women develop differently in the degree to which they show empathy towards othersIndividual Differences Level changes that affect individuals differentlyeg Can we predict who is at risk for psychological disturbance later in life based in earlier measures of personality
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