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Chapter 10

CHAPTER 10 PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACHES.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 305
Professor
David King
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 10 PSYCHOANALYTIC APPROACHES CONTEMPORARY ISSUES The NeoAnalytic Movement today psychoanalysis is best thought of as a theory containing ideas inspired by Freud but modifiedadvanced by otherspsychoanalysts no longer write much about id superego or repressed sexuality nor do they liken treatment to archaeological expedition in search of forgotten memoriesmost contemporary psychoanalysts focus on childhood relationshipsadult conflicts with others based on 1The unconscious still plays a large role in life although it may not be the ubiquitous influence that Freud held it was 2Behaviour often reflects compromises in conflicts among mental processes such as emotions motivationsthoughts 3Childhood plays an important part in personality development particularly in terms of shaping adult relationship styles 4Mental representations of the selfrelationships guide our interactions with others 5Personality development involves not just regulating sexualaggressive feelings but also moving from an immature socially dependent way of relating to others to a mature independent relationship styleRepressionContemporary Research on MemoryLoftus we must be aware of processes that contribute to the construction of false memories eg popular press behaviour of some therapistsEg case of Holly Ramona and false memories of sexual abusemost modern cognitive psychologists believe that false memories can occurevidence that hypnosis does not improve memorymay actually increase memory distortionsConfirmatory bias look for evidence that confirms beliefContemporary Views on the Unconscious there is an unconscious but does it have desiresMotivated view we bury hidden needsdesires in the unconsciousCognitive view information perceived may get into unconscious and influence us without conscious experience info is not buried there Similar to Freuds preconsciousMotivated vs Cognitive UnconsciousMotivatedCognitive1 Content motiveswishes1 Content cognitions2 Defense mechanisms2 Not defended3 Distinctly irrational3 Rational4 Special conditions to make conscious4 Perception and memorySubliminal Priming concepts may be perceived and influence us without our even knowing itbut there is no clear evidence that subliminal priming actually influences behaviour in contrast to Freud Primingadvertising Lipton Ice Tea studyparticipants subliminally primed with tea or nonsense wordsresults Participants more likely to buy tea over other drink but ONLY if thirsty to begin withmost effective priming is when product is embedded product placementif its subtle observer is engrossed in filmTV so cant use cognitive resources to prevent the impact of the ad
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