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Chapter 19

CHAPTER 19 DISORDERS OF PERSONALITY.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 305
Professor
David King
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 19 DISORDERS OF PERSONALITY The Building Blocks of Personality Disorders Traits emotions cognitions motives interpersonal behaviourselfconcepts Personality disorders can be thought of as maladaptive variationscombinations of normal personality traits emotions motives etcThe Concept of Disorder Psychological disorder a pattern of behaviour or experience that is distressingpainful to the person that leads to disability or impairment in important life domainsthat is associated with increased risk for further suffering loss of function death or confinement Abnormal psychology study of the various mental disorders including thought emotionalpersonality disorders What is Abnormal Statistical approach what is different from normal what is rare is abnormalSocial approachbehaviours that society deems unacceptable Psychological approach Psychopathology study of mental disorders The DiagnosticStatistical Manual of Mental Disorders Most widely used system for diagnosing mental disorders Currently DSMConsidered several changes to personality disorders Make less categoricalmore dimensionalCategorical view held that there is a qualitative break between people who have the disorder and those who do notview disorders as distinctqualitatively different from normal Dimensional view each disorder is a continuum ranging from normality to severe disability or disturbancepeople differ in degree onlyNo changes DSM5 maintains categorical model of personality disorders and retains the criteria for 10 specific personality disorders What is a Personality Disorder Personality disorder an enduring pattern of experiencebehaviour that differs greatly from the expectations of the individuals culture If a trait becomes maladaptiveinflexible causes significant impairment or distress then it is considered to be a personality disorder Usually manifest in more than one of these areas in how people think in how they feel in how they get along with others or in their ability to control their own behaviour Pattern is rigiddisplayed across a variety of situations leading to distress or problems in important areas of life Pattern of behavior that defines the personality disorder typically has a long history in persons lifecan be traced back to manifestations in adolescence or childhood the pattern must not result from direct physiological effects of a substance or medical condition Culture AgeGender The Effect of Context persons social culturalethnic background must be taken into account agelife circumstances must be considered to be sure that the person is not simply going through a developmental stage or reacting to a traumatic life eventgender differences may reflect underlying gender differences in how people cope contribute to gender differences in behaviours associated with personality disorders
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