Textbook Notes (363,145)
Canada (158,221)
Psychology (756)
PSYC 307 (58)

Psyc 307 ch 10.2 notes.doc

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of British Columbia
PSYC 307
Steven Heine

• Michaelle Jean ◦ born in Port-Au-Prince, Haiti ◦ ancestors slaves who intermarried withArawak, Spanish, and French colonists ◦ age 11: family left Haiti and moved to rural Quebec ◦ attended university in Montreal and Italy ◦ married French filmmaker ◦ spoke French, English, Spanish, Italian, Haitian Kreyol ◦ 2005: appointed governor general of Canada • cultures not homogenous entities with clear-cut boundaries • about 130 million people living in countries not born in • acculturation= process which people migrate to and learn a culture different from their original culture • DIFFICULTIES IN STUDYINGACCULTURATION • reasons people move to new country: ◦ to be closer to family members ◦ to seek fame and fortune ◦ refugees ◦ to study abroad with intention of returning to home country ◦ as children because parents decided it was best interest • different environments of acculturation ◦ cultural ghettos--> can speak original language and keep old cultural traditions without interacting much with members of new host culture ◦ homogenous neighbourhood--> they are the only ones who appear different ◦ environment actively discriminates against people from their cultural background ◦ neighbourhood with mostly people who have recently migrated from different places in world ◦ cultures that vary in similarity to heritage culture ◦ rural to urban ◦ similar dominant language, religion, cultural practices ◦ extremely different cultural environment from own • individuals have different personalities, goals, expectations that affect acculturation experience • moving to new culture involves psychological adjustment--> acquire new language, learn new interpersonal and social behaviours, become accustomed to new values, become member of minority group, adjust one's self-concept • migrants= those who move from heritage culture (original culture) to host culture (new culture) and include those who intend to stay only temporarily (sojourners) and those who intend to move permanently (immigrants) • study on Norwegian Fulbright scholars in US: adjustment pattern found that was shared by many grantees ◦ dependant variable: how positive migrants feel about host country ◦ found U-shaped curve ◦ first few months: very positive (honeymoon stage)--> tourism industry ◦ increasingly negative views on host culture (6-18 months) after honeymoon stage (crisis/ culture shock stage)--> novel and exotic experiences wear off & become tiring and difficult) ▪ culture shock= feeling of being anxious, helpless, irritable, homesick ▪ result in people quitting sojourn and have very negative memories of experiences ◦ begin to adjust and enjoy experiences more (adjustment stage) ▪ language abilities improve, make enduring friendships with locals, adapt to new culture ◦ reverse cultural shock= go through same adjustment stages AFTER they return to home country ◦ some research found that initial honeymoon stage not evident for many sojourners > beginning of extended stay characterized by anxiety preventing them from enjoying ◦ societal feature of host culture that influences acculturation is ease with which migrants can be accommodated by host culture ▪ ex. US is ethnically diverse so easy to adjust, Japan relatively ethnically homogenous thus more challenging to adjust • L-shaped curve identified for migrants to Japan (honeymoon and crisis stages) • factors influencing adjustment to acculturation experiences ◦ cultural distance= difference between two cultures (host and heritage) in overall ways of life ▪ test: compare performance of language--> the easier it is for migrants to learn language of host the better they fare in acculturation process ▪ sojourners with more distant cultures suffer more distress, require more medical consultations, more social difficulties (difficult to establish and maintain interpersonal relationships with members of host) ▪ indigenous groups also had to adjust to culture imposed by colonial force ▪ Tsimshian (complex social stratification & high degree of food accumulation) acculturated to Canadian culture with fewest difficulties ▪ Eastern Cree most signs of stress (low accumulation of food & low sociocultural stratification) ▪ Carrier tribe moderate ◦ cultural fit= degree to which individual's personality is more similar to dominant cultural values in host culture ▪ greater cultural fit, easier to acculturate ▪ test: highly extraverted people more likely to move to other countries-> malaysians and singaporeans who score high on extraversion showed more signs of psychological well- being living in New Zealand ▪ also found english-speaking migrants living in singapore who scored high on extraversion reported more boredom, frustration, depression, health problems --> extraversion not always facilitate acculturation ▪ extraversion better cultural fit in new zealand than in singapore --> extraverted immigrants fare better if host country higher overall level of extraversion ▪ people with more independent self-concepts suffer less distress in acculturation to US than those with interdependent self-concepts ◦ acculturation strategies ▪ integration strategy= attempt to fit in and fully participate in host culture while striving to maintain traditions of one's heritage culture --> positive view of both heritage and host culture ▪ marginalization strategy= little or no effort to participate in host culture or to maintain traditions of heritage culture--> negative views of both heritage and host cultures • rare and puzzling theory ▪ assimilation strategy= attempt to fit in and fully participate in host culture while making little or no effort of maintain traditions of heritage culture--> positive view of host & negative view of heritage culture (want to leave ancestral past to fit in with host) ▪ separation strategy= effort to maintain traditions of heritage culture while making little or no effort to participate in host culture--> positive attitude to heritage & negative view to host culture (don't want to acculturate) ▪ most common strategy: integration ▪ least common: marginalization ▪ influencing factors: • if host show lots of prejudice then individual won't strive to fit in • physically distinct ethnic groups more likely to maintain negative attitudes to host and pursue separation or marginalization strategies (also more likely to actively support collective efforts to benefit group's social position • low socioeconomic status or indigenous cultural groups more likely to pursue separation/marginalization strategies b/c host doesn't typically offer what they desire • people try to fit in more if host values cultural diversity • integration lowest degree of acculturative stress ◦ maybe b/c incorporates protective features: lack prejudice & discrimination; involve 2 cultural communities; support groups; flexible personality • least successful: marginalization (involves rejection of dominant society, loss of one's original culture, weakened social support) • CON (assimilation): loss of one's heritage culture & accompanying social support networks, sense of disconnection with past • CON (separation): rejecting host culture and all protective features that it has ▪ one meta-analysis showed many studies haven't found pattern ▪ p
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 307

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.