PSYC 307 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Anna Wierzbicka, Walter Bradford Cannon
James-lange theory: emotions are physiological responses to bodily reverberations which are products of autonomic nervous system (eg. speeding heartbeats, breathing, pupil dilation) Eg. hiker sees bear frightened because sweating, heart rate increasing, etc. Our bodies prepare us to react in survival-facilitating ways. Each emotion matches different set of descriptions of bodily state. Viewing emotions as specific biological signals suggests evolutionary origin to human emotions , and people in all cultures should have same emotional experiences research shows there are distinctive physiological patterns of emotions similar among diverse backgrounds. Two-factor theory (walter cannon): emotions are our own interpretations of bodily responses. Factors of physiological signals + interpretation of signals. Schacter and singer"s study (1962): euphoria and anger situations with informed/misinformed/uninformed effect of epinephrine injection people look to cues from environment to help label their physical sensations ; we don"t have especially fine-tuned awareness of own bodily sensations. Suggests strong cultural variability on emotions research reveals important cultural influence in emotional experiences.