Textbook Notes (368,098)
Canada (161,641)
Psychology (773)
PSYC 308 (45)
Chapter

Social Psychology ch 1

5 Pages
120 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 308
Professor
Steven Barnes
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 1  We forge our individual identities not alone but in the context of other people Recent research:  Close friends and staying in contact with family members = health benefits like protecting against heart disease, infection, diabetes, and cancer, also living longer and more actively  Children who are socially excluded suffer academically and socially  Experiencing social rejection produces activity in the brain related to physical pain and being treated well activates parts associated with rewards  A person is more than 20 times more likely than usual to suffer a heart attack within one day of the death of a loved one What is Social Psych?  social psychology  The scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a social context. Scientific study  Social psych is a science  it applies the scientific method of systematic observation, description and measurement to the study of human condition like other sciences  often emphasizes the power of the situation in affecting people  social psych differs from other sciences since social psychologists strive to establish general principles of attitude formation and change that apply in a variety of situations rather than exclusively to particular domains  social psych focuses on the psychology of the individual  unique because of the emphasis on the social nature of individuals  attempts to establish general principles of human behavior  examine nonsocial factors that affect people’s thoughts, feelings, motives and emotions  social psychological pursuits when thoughts, feelings and behaviors: o Concern other people o Are influenced by other people  Social psych provides insight that would be impossible to gain though experience alone The power of the social context: an example of a social psych experiment  Social connections can have a profound effect on our lives  Students from underrepresented racial or ethnic minority groups are especially vulnerable to such doubts about social belonging on campus  interfere with academic performance  Social belonging and GPA experiment: o Some students were given information designed to reduce their doubts about fitting in and socially belonging and others were not o Result: for African American students this manipulation had significant effects on their GPA figure 1.1 page 9 o Conclusion: the social context or perceived social context had a significant effect on students success Social Psychology and related fields Sociology  Sociology and social psych share interests on violence, prejudice, cultural evidence and marriage  Differences:  sociology focus on group level social psych on individual level  social psych more likely to conduct experiments and manipulate variables using precise and quantifiable measures Related areas of pscyh  Clinical psych seek to understand and treat people with psych difficulties or disorders  Social psych not focused on disorders rather one typical ways in which individuals think, feel and behave and influence each other  Both: address how people cope with anxiety or pressure in social situations  Personality psych  seeks to understand stable differences between individuals  Social psych  seeks to understand how factors affect most individuals regardless of their different personalities  Both complement each other  Cognitive psych  study mental processes (thinking learning remembering and reasoning  Social psych  how people think, learn, remember, and reason in respect to social information and in how these processes are relevant to social behavior  Also closely connected Social Psych and common sense  Social psych unlike common sense, uses scientific method to put its theories to test  many of the findings in social psychology would not be predicted by common sense.  Common sense can be misleading since it is often oversimplified  Common sense often makes contradictory claims A brief history of social psychology  Plato offered keen insights into many social psychological issues. The birth and infancy of social psych 1880s-1920s  Norman Triplett  credited with having publishes the 1 st th research article in social psych at the end of 19 century o Observed that cyclists tend to race faster when racing in the presence of others  marking the birth of social psych  Ringlemann studies the effects of presence of others on the performance of individuals o Found that individuals perform worse on simple tasks such as pulling rope when they performed the tasks with other people o This 19 century didn’t truly establish social psych as a distinct field of study o The credit goes to: William McD
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 308

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit