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Chapter 7

CH. 7 - DEVELOPMENT OF THEORY OF MIND AMONG TYPICALLY.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 315
Professor
Andrew Baron
Semester
Fall

Description
DEVELOPMENT OF THEORY OF MIND AMONG TYPICALLY & ATYPICALLY DEVELOPING CHILDREN Chapter 7 – Conceptual development (p266-272) Naïve psychology: common sense level of understanding of other people & oneself  Refer to invisible mental state (desire, belief, perception, memory)  Concepts are all linked together  Develops early in life  DESIRES & BELIEFS DRIVES BEHAVIOR Infant’s Naïve psychology  Joint attention, intersubjectivity (mutual understanding that people share during communication) and understanding of intention emerge late in first year of life  Know how to comfort unhappy playmate physically & verbally Development beyond infancy – development of children’s understanding of others minds & their play with peers  Theory of mind: basic understanding of how the mind works & how it influences behavior o Understanding connection b/w people’s desire and their actions o Emerges at around 12 months of age o Age 2: can understand desires lead to actions but not belief influencing actions o Age 3: some understanding b/w belief & action  False-belief problem: task that tests a child’s understanding that other people will act in accord with their own belief even when the child knows that those beliefs are incorrect  Most 3 years olds fail in this task (14% correct), but almost all 5 yea
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