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Chapter 12

CH.12 - FAMILY.docx

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University of British Columbia
PSYC 315
Andrew Baron

Chapter 12 – The Family (p.466-478) The nature & functions of the family Family Functions 1. Survival of offspring: ensure safety of children 2. Economic function: provide skills for children to be economically dependent 3. Cultural learning: pass on cultural values to children Family dynamics: the way in which the family operates as a whole  Family members influence each other directly & indirectly thru behavior  Dependent on the amount of social support received by parents  Biological characteristics (temperament) also influences interactions  Traumatic event, death, birth, divorce, remarriage… Parent-child relationships in adolescence  Most parents & adolescences are NOT alienated o Though closeness & support may decline  Minority families more likely to have more conflicts  Usually happens to adolescences who attain puberty faster Influence of parental socialization  Parents as direct instructors: directly teach children skills & rules  Parents as indirect socializers: children learn from seeing parents’ unintentional behaviors (modeling)  Parents as social managers: manage children’s experiencing, control child’s exposure to certain information Parenting Styles  Authoritative: high responsiveness & high demandingness o Firm but not hostile, sets clear standards o Children: competent, popular & self-assured  Permissive: high responsiveness & low demandingness o No disciplinary actions, lenient o Children: impulsive, lack self-control, low education achievement  misconduct, drug/alcohol use  Authoritarian: low responsiveness & high demandingness o Enforce demands, exercise parental power w/ threats & punishments o Children: unhappy, low social competence, & low self-esteem (teased by peers, inability to cope w/ stressors  depression, delinquency…)  Reject-neglect: low responsiveness & low demandingness o Not involved, not supportive, don’t set limits,
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