Textbook Notes (368,122)
Canada (161,660)
Sociology (152)
SOCI 100 (54)


6 Pages
Unlock Document

SOCI 100
Keith Preston

SOCI 100- Textbook Notes! Ch.1  Introducing Sociology Sociology: the systematic study of social behaviour, or the study of society. Societies: the largest-scale human group, whose members interact with one another, share a common geographic territory, and share common institutions. Macrosociology: the study of social institutions (i.e. roman catholic church or marriage) and large social groups (ethnic minorities and college students) Microsociology: the study of the processes and patterns of personal interaction that take place among people within groups. Sociology imagination: an approach to sociology that situates the personal experiences of individuals within the societal context with these experiences occur Social institutions: one kind of social structure, made up of a number of relationships. People use institutions to achieve their intended goals, as students use schools, or patients use hospitals. Role: the expected pattern of interaction with others. Critical theory: - basic division between society’s “haves” and “have-nots” - Always about unequal distribution of power - Domination of one group by another (i.e. the bourgeoise (owners) vs. the proletariat (working class) - Also focuses on contending ‘status groups’ (i.e. men vs. women/ and ethnic groups)  struggles of domination Symbolic interactionism: - Focuses on small group interactions - Glue that holds people together in social relationships - Labelling theory -  interaction: the process, by which, and manner in which, social actors- people trying to meet each other’s expectations - Relate to each other, especially in face-to-face - Symbolic interactionism: sees a product of face-to-face interaction between people using symbols Feminist theories: - (sort of a branch from critical theory) focuses on relations of inequality- relations of dominance and subordination between men and women. - Gender based in equality make women’s lives different from mens. - Feminism is the view that domination of women is not a result of biological determination but is a result of socio-economic and ideological factors. - Uses both micro and macrosociology = stresses that personal lives political issues are intertwined. Postmodern theories: = an attack on modernism Modern functionalism: - Presents society as a set of interconnected elements that operate together to maintain the overall stability and efficiency of the society - Each part of society contributes to the whole and keeps it in equilibrium. CHAPTER SUMMARY: - 3 founding theoretical approaches that can/do coexist together: o Functional theory o Critical theory o Symbolic interactionism CH.2  Material Settings POPULATION Functionalism/ functional analysis: - It is concerned with the conditions that maintain social equilibrium and the dangers associated with losing equilibrium (i.e. war, famine, and epidemic) - EXAMPLE: Thomas Malthus (1798) regards to population issues food available vs. population o Positive checks  famine, wars, disease= prevents overpopulation o Preventative checks  abortion, infanticide, delayed marriage= prevent over population Demography: the study of human populations, their growth and decline through births, deaths and migration. Critical Theory: - Sociologists says: people in power take actions that benefit themselves the most and support theories that justify their actions - Arguments about ‘overpopulation’: problems poor countries face result not from overpopulation but from unfair distribution of the world’s wealth. o Improper land use, civil war, other social/ political factors - Modernization= balance of less deaths and less births - ZPG (zero population growth)= occurs when births are exactly balanced by deaths (population remains constant) URBAN LIFE Functionalism: - View social problems in the city as resulting naturally from growth and specialization. - Others (functionalists) focus on those tendencies of the city that promote social disorganization, weak social controls, and consequent deviance and distress - ‘they’ look at for universal laws of social development and for the ways that particular institutions or arrangements (cities) help society move to a new equilibrium, with a higher level of functioning. Critical theory: - Always ask whose interests are served by the actions of the dominant groups in society and their ideologies - Urban problems (homelessness/ poverty)= working of capitalism - Cities suffer urban problems because no powerful group is interested in preventing this - Economic inequality  unequal distribution of urban wealth and poverty Symbolic Interactionism: - Studies how people experience city life on an everyday basis - ‘they’ doubt that everyone in the same structural setting (i.e. cities) has the same experience. - Focuses on the meaning of life in different groups and subcultures. - Subcultures: ethnic groups, youth gangs, emos etc. ENVIRONMENT Functionalism: - Recognize everybody is implicated in the pollution of the environment - Several types of cultural ideologies: o (1) cornucopia view of nature: views nature as a storehouse of resources that only exists for the use of humans o (2) growth ethic (similar to materialism): celebrates, the imagined, ability of technology to easily solve all and any problems the world has. o (3) individualism: privileges personal goals and desires. Over co
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 100

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.