SOCI 100 Chapter Notes -Critical Theory, Verstehen, Spurious Relationship

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11 Feb 2013
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SOCI 100 Full Course Notes
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SOCI 100 Full Course Notes
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Three ways to do sociology: scientific sociology. Logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation. Empirical evidence , verifiable by our senses. Few examples of things contradicted by evidence: differences in human behavior of females and males reflect human nature , canada is a middle-class society in which most people are more-or-less equal, people marry because they are in love. Concepts mental construct that represents some part of the world in a simplified form. Variable concept whose value changes rom case to case. Measurement a procedure for determining the value of a variable in a specific case. Descriptive statistics to state what is average for a large population: mean average, median middle score, mode most occurring value. Validity actually measuring exactly what you intend to measure (precision) Correlation relationship in which two or more variables change together: correlation doesn t necessarily mean causation, spurious relationship correlation but not causation.

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