SOCI 100 Chapter Notes -World Trade Organization, Collateral Damage

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
UBC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 100
War and Peace 03-04-2013
Why is the US in continual wars?
Uncle Sam Wants Them
Private companies have become major players in all types of warfare
In failed states, corporations re gaining the “civic and political loyalty” that
should belong to the military or police, yet are only accountable to the elites
who hire them
Weber: modern state holds the monopoly over the legitimate use of violence
o Dedicated to protecting entire nation
Shift from pre-modern to modern warfare: marked by the idea that states did
and should fight wars with their own militaries
o No more mercenaries
Downfall of mercenaries rise of era of the military corporation
Private military corporations legal entities that supply governments,
NGOs and industry with private soldiers
o Have taken larger roles in war and military campaigns
o More PMCs in Iraq than soldiers
Logistics of PMCs
Cost effective no need to pay for government employees’ pensions or
peacetime salaries
Strategy can be rapidly deployed in unanticipated short-term conflicts
Reliance on contractors has allowed the US to pursue 2 wars
“Third Country Nationals” (TCNs) – workers from around the world, routinely
paid less than American counterpart
“Host country nationals” (HCNs) – paid wages commensurate with local jobs
Filipinos and Indians support work: laundry + food service
Nepalese, South Africans, Latin Americans security work
Consequences of Contractors
Changes spectrum of military labor
Dual shift in military labor force
o From public to private
o From domestic to international
Undermines old lines of accountability
Using PMCs externalizes the costs of war and outsources accountability less
amenable to public oversight
Companies enlist foreign contractors for high risk or high visibility roles
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Document Summary

Private companies have become major players in all types of warfare. In failed states, corporations re gaining the civic and political loyalty that should belong to the military or police, yet are only accountable to the elites who hire them. Weber: modern state holds the monopoly over the legitimate use of violence: dedicated to protecting entire nation. Shift from pre-modern to modern warfare: marked by the idea that states did and should fight wars with their own militaries: no more mercenaries. Downfall of mercenaries rise of era of the military corporation. Private military corporations legal entities that supply governments, Ngos and industry with private soldiers: have taken larger roles in war and military campaigns, more pmcs in iraq than soldiers. Cost effective no need to pay for government employees" pensions or peacetime salaries. Strategy can be rapidly deployed in unanticipated short-term conflicts. Reliance on contractors has allowed the us to pursue 2 wars.

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