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Chapter 10

Ch. 10

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School
Department
Nursing
Course
NURS 1700U
Professor
Sandra Mairs- D C
Semester
Fall

Description
Ch. 10- Cultureand Ethnicity November-14-12 11:20 AM UnderstandingCulturalConcepts Culture: • Sharedpatternsoflearnedvaluesandbehaviourstransmittedovertime • Providescontextforvaluingevaluatingandcategorizinglifeexperiences e.g.language,ethnicity,beliefs,class,gender,sexualorientation,age,history,origin,education,life experiences • Visible=easilyseen • Invisible=lessobservable Ethnicity=sharedsocialandculturalheritage e.g.language,history,physicalcharacteristics,geographicalspace Membersfeelsasenseofcommonidentity Race =commonbiologicalattributee.g.skincolour Culturalpluralism: • Appreciatesanothergroupforbeingdifferent • Promotesrespectfortherightsofothersto havedifferentbeliefs,values,behavioursand waysof life Culturalrelativism: • Fostersawarenessandappreciationofculturaldifferences • Rejectsassumptionsofsuperiorityofone'sculture • Advertsethnocentrism Enculturation=socializationintoone'sprimarycultureduringchildhood Acculturation=adaptingto and adoptingcharacteristicsofanewculture Assimilation=minoritygroupgraduallyadoptstheattitudesandcustomsofmainstreamculture Multiculturalism=manyculturesco-existinsocietyandmaintaintheirculturaldifferences CulturalConflicts Ethnocentrism=tendencytoviewone'sownwayoflifeasmorevaluablethanothers • Root of: ○ Stereotypes:generalizationsofparticulargroup,preventsfurtherassessmentofunique characteristics ○ Discrimination:treatingpeopleunfairlybasedontheirgroupmembership ○ Racism:involvesspecificactionswherebyonegroupexertspoweroverothersbasedon colourorheritage Culturalimposition=donot understandculturaldifferences,anduseownvaluesandwaysoflifeas absoluteguideinprovidingserviceto
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