Textbook Notes (369,205)
Canada (162,462)
UOIT (554)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Reseach (Reading Notes).docx

2 Pages

Criminology and Justice
Course Code
PSYC 1000U
Leigh Harkins

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Chapter One – Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Notes  What is the need for psychological science? o Why are the answers that flow from the scientific approach more reliable than those based on intuition and common sense? o Some people think that psychology documents what people already know  Some say people get paid thousands to prove in a fancy matter what their grandmother already knew o A long list of pop psychology books actually encourage us towards  “Intuitive Managing”  “Intuitive Trading”  “Intuitive Healing” o To the present day psychological science documents a vast intuitive mind o Our thinking, memory, and attitudes operate on two levels which are  Conscious  Unconscious o Though intuition is important, we often underestimate its threats o There are limits of intuition  Did we know it all alone? Hindsight Bias o Finding that something has happened makes it seem inevitable, a tendency we call Hindsight bias  Also known as a I KNEW IT ALL ALONG PHENOMENON  It is said that this phenomenon is easy to demonstrate o Good ideas are like inventions  Once created, they seem obvious  Sometimes grandma’s intuition informed by countless observations has it wrong  Overconfidence o We as humans tend to be over confident o We think we know more than we do o Something that is very hard to unscramble seems pretty obvious (hindsight does this)  The Scientific Attitude o Underlying all science is, first a hard headed curiosity o No matter how sensible or crazy an idea sounds, the question is “will it work” o James Randi – lets the facts speak for themselves o more often science becomes society’s garbage disposal o Do parental behaviors determine children’s sexual orientation? o Putting scientific attitude into practice requires not only skepticism but also humility  An awareness of our own vulnerability to error and being open to surprises o A skeptic is one who is willing to question any truth that they claim  Critical Thinking o The scientific attitude prepares us to think smarter o Smart Thinking which is called Critical Thinking;  Examines assumptions  Discerns values  Evaluates evidence o Critical thinkers ask questions o How do Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions?  Psychologists arm their scientific attitude with th
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.