Team: 2 or more people who work interdependently over some time period to accomplish common goals related to some task-oriented purpose. Work teams: a relatively permanent team in which members work together to produce goods and/or provide services. Management teams: a relatively permanent team that participates in managerial-level tasks that affect the entire organization. Parallel teams: a team composed of members from various jobs within the organization that meets to provide recommendations about important business. Project teams: a team formed to take on one-time tasks, most of which tend to be complex and require input from members from different functional areas. Action team: a team of limited duration that performs complex tasks in contexts that tend to be highly visible and challenging. Virtual teams: a team in which the members are geographically dispersed, and independent activity occurs through e-mail, web conferencing, and instant messaging.