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Chapter 4

OB Chapter 4 to 8.docx

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Department
Administration
Course
ADM2336
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
OBChapter5to811052013Chapter5StressStressreferstothepsychologicalresponsetodemandswhenthereissomethingatstakefortheindividualandcopingwiththesedemandswouldtaxorexceedtheindividualscapacityorresourcesStressorsarethedemandsthatcausethestressresponseandstrainsarethenegativeconsequencesofthestressresponsestressThepsychologicalresponsetodemandswhenthereissomethingatstakefortheindividualandwhencopingwiththesedemandswouldtaxorexceedtheindividualscapacityorresourcesStressorscomeintwogeneralformschallengestressorswhichareperceivedasopportunitiesforgrowthandachievementandhindrancestressorswhichareperceivedashurdlestogoalachievementThesetwostressorscanbefoundinbothworkandnonworkdomainsstressorsDemandsthatcausethestressresponsehindrancestressorsStressorsthattendtobeappraisedasthwartingprogresstowardgrowthandachievementWORKINCLUDESroleconflictOthershavingdifferingexpectationsofwhatanindividualneedstodoinaroleroleambiguityAlackofdirectionandinformationaboutwhatneedstobedoneinaroleroleoverloadAnexcessofdemandsonanemployeepreventinghimorherfromworkingeffectivelydailyhasslesMinordaytodaydemandsthatinterferewithworkaccomplishmentNONWORKINCLUDESworkfamilyconflictAformofroleconflictinwhichthedemandsofaworkrolehinderthefulfillmentofthedemandsinafamilyroleorviceversanegativelifeeventsEventssuchasadivorceordeathofafamilymemberthattendtobeappraisedasahindrancefinancialuncertaintyUncertaintieswithregardtothepotentialforlossoflivelihoodsavingsortheabilitytopayexpenseschallengestressorsStressorsthattendtobeappraisedasopportunitiesforgrowthandachievementWORKINCLUDEStimepressureThesensethattheamountoftimeallottedtodoajobisnotquiteenoughworkcomplexityThedegreetowhichjobrequirementstaxorjustexceedemployeecapabilitiesworkresponsibilityThenumberandimportanceoftheobligationsthatanemployeehastoothersNONWORKINCLUDESfamilytimedemandsTheamountoftimecommittedtofulfillingfamilyresponsibilitiespersonaldevelopmentParticipationinactivitiesoutsideofworkthatfostergrowthandlearningpositivelifeeventsEventssuchasmarriageorthebirthofachildthattendtobeappraisedasachallengestrainsNegativeconsequencesofthestressresponsetransactionaltheoryofstressAtheorythatexplainshowstressfuldemandsareperceivedandappraisedaswellashowpeoplerespondtotheperceptionsofappraisalsprimaryappraisalEvaluationofwhetherademandisstressfulandifitistheimplicationsofthestressorintermsofpersonalgoalsandwellbeingsecondaryappraisalWhenpeopledeterminehowtocopewiththevariousstressorstheyfacebenignjobdemandsJobdemandsthatarenotappraisedasbeingstressful
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