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Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - Theories of Work Motivation.docx

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University of Ottawa

Chapter 5Theories of Work MotivationWHY STUDY MOTIVATIONMotivation is super important for contemporary organizationsThis comes from the need to increase productivity in order to compete at a global levelThe stable systems of rules regulations and procedures that once were a guide to behaviour are being changed to requirements for flexibility and attention to customers that necessitate higher levels of imitative where this imitative is depends on motivationA good set of motivational theories needs to recognize diversity and consider that the same conditions will not motivate everyoneAlso these theories should explain how some people are selfmotivated and how others need external motivation and consider all aspects of the social aspect of the human being such as how your motivation is affected by others treating youWHAT IS MOTIVATIONBasic characteristics of motivationMotivation is the extent to which persistent effort is directed to a goalSome characteristics are effort strength of the persons work related behaviour effort has to be appropriate towards your job such as the lifters exhibit an effort lifting crates while researchers exhibit effort while researching persistence the persistence to which tat individual is applying effort to their work related tasks example would be you lift crates for 2 hours and then goof off for 6 this is not persistent so not very motivated direction quality of work do you give out persistent effort in a direction that benefits the organization Motivation entails in working smart and hard goals you behaviour is directed towards some kind of goalI am motivated to be in the best shape of my life my goal is to do this so I am motivatedExtrinsic vs Intrinsic motivationIntrinsic motivation is motivation that stems from the direct relationship between the worker and the task since it is usually selfapplied Examples are like achievement accomplishment challenge and competence that you get from your job and the feeling you get from itExtrinsic motivation stems from the work environment external to the task applied by someone other than the person being motivatedExamples are like pay fringe benefits company policies and supervisionThe distinction between the two is pretty fuzzy so thats why many theories of motivation implicitly make the distinctionSelfdetermination theory considers whether peoples motivation is autonomous or controlledUses both intrinsic and extrinsic factorsAutonomous motivation is when people are selfmotivated by intrinsic factors while controlled motivation is when people are motivated to obtain a desired consequence or extrinsic rewardSomething interesting about this theory is that sometimes extrinsic factors can lead to autonomous motivation since the person is going to get a deeper internalization of the values or attitudes going with the behaviour and they dont need the external rewards or what notSome research suggests that extrinsic rewards can lead to a decrease of intrinsic motivation since people believe that they are only doing well due to the rewards that they get or from the environment that motivates themThey are not internally motivated
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