ANP 1106 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Small Intestine, Tubular Gland, Eccrine Sweat Gland

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ANATOMICAL TERMS
Reference point to describe body parts and position more accurately
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Body erect, feet apart, palms forward, thumb pointing outwards
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Anatomical position
position in relation to another
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Directional terms:
Chap 5
4:29 PM
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Designate specific areas within major body divisions
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Regional terms:
Don’t memorize
Axial part- head, neck, trunk
1.
Appendicular part - appendages/limbs attached to axis
2.
Divisions of the body
Body planes and sections
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Vertical dividing body into left/right parts Lateral /Medial
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Not halves
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Midsagital - middle
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Parasagital - all others that aren't the middle
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Sagittal plane
1.
Vertical dividing body into Anterior/Posterior parts
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Aka. Coronal plane
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Frontal plane
2.
Horizontal dividing body into Superior/Inferior parts
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= cross section
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Transverse or horizontal plane
3.
Body planes and sections
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*Oblique sections - cuts diagonally btw planes , hard to interpret
Closed to the outside
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Provide degree of protection
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1.
Protects nervous systems organs
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Contain 2 continuous subdivisions
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Enclosed by the skull and houses the brain
Cranial cavity
a)
Enclosed by and houses the spinal chord
Spinal chord is essentially a continuation of the brain
Vertebral (spinal cavity)
b)
Dorsal body cavity
Larger, houses the visceral organs
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Contains 2 subdivisions separated by diaphragm
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Ventral body cavity
2.
Body cavities 2
Sagittal plane
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