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BIO3147 (4)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 – Overview.docx

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Department
Biology
Course
BIO3147
Professor
Mary Theresa Howard
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter1OverviewConceptofmotivationMforcesactingonorwithinanorganismtoinitiateactionp4MotivatedbehaviourBdisplaysintensityandpersistenceForcescanbeexternalinternalenvironmentalbiologicalHighlymotivatedhigherintensitypersistenceandviceversa2MeasurementofMnomeasureddirectlymanipulatestimulusSconditionandobservebehaviouralresponseRp5StimulusispotentenoughorganismwillbehavebutifitsnotstrongenoughorganismmaynotrespondStimuluscausestheresponseReinforcementdoesntonlystrengthenpatternofbehaviourbutactsasastimulusandamotivatorfortheorganismCreatingabiologicaldeprivationcreatesaneedandwhenneedbecomesintenseenoughitcausesorganismtobemotivatedNoveltyisanincentiveOncecorrectingthedrivehomeostasisisachievedRepetitioncompulsionrepeatingcertainhabitsoverandoverNoveltiesexciteandcouldbecomeastimulusexMazeisanoveltyandbecomesastimuluswhereitdrivesthemouseCuriosityexplorationmanipulationallincentiveSisdeprivationandspeedofrunninginamazeisRInfermotivationfromchangeinbehaviourMotivationisaninterveningvariableIVservestolinktheSandRandasanIVitprovidesanexplanationfortherelationshipbetweenSandRMotivationisaperformancevariablePVwhenenoughispresentBisperformedFigure12p5BetweenSandRthereisaninternalprocessHypotheticalprocessInternalprocessMotivationisainterveningvariablebetweenthestimulusandtheresponseStimuluschangefooddeprivationcanbedescribedastheindependentvariableResponsefasterrunningcanbedescribedasthedependentvariableCannotobservemotivationdirectlybutratherobserveitinahypotheticalprocess3CharacteristicsofMotivation3AActivationasintheproductionofovertandcovertbehaviourp6CovertbehaviourexIncreaseintemperaturerespirationbloodpressureetcSynonymformotivationisarousalPupildilationconstrictioncanbeafunctionofthearousedstatebystimuliisbothcovertandovertExamplesofcovertovertmechanismssweatpupillarydilationconstrictionEEGREMsleepParadoxicalsleepbrainbehavingasifyoureawake3BPersistenceasanongoingperformanceofmotivatedbehaviourAnindividualwhospersistencecanbeseentoberitualisticTypeAindividualTypeAhighlymotivatedhighlycompulsivehighachievingandpooremotionalcontrol
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