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CMN2148 (50)
Chapter 6

CMN2148 Chapter 6: Groups in Organizations

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Mary Hawkins

Chapter 6 Groups in Organizations Smallgroup experience John Baird: groups is a collection of more than two persons who perceive themselves as a group, possess a common fate, have organizational structure and communicate over time to achieve personal group goals Silva and Sias: groups link individual members and the organization via identification Bona fide groups: groups with permeable boundaries and interdependent with the broader environment Primary work team: supervisor and related peer group Larson and LaFasto: common features of competent workteam members: Possession of essential skills and abilities A strong desire to contribute The capability of collaborating effectively Cragan and Wright: longstanding teams Formed wen overall responsibilities of the team change slowly with time and team membership can be expected to remain relatively stable Welldefined organizational responsibilities Project teams: highly specialized individuals accomplish a specific project in a fixed period of time Cragan and Wright: Prefab group Work groups meticulously defined and rigidly structures so that a collection of people with no previous experience of working together can quickly form a work group that will produce a predictable level of productivity Katzenbach and Smith: SelfManaging teams Small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, gives individual team members more responsibility, authority, accountability Directional Groups: review plans and performance of most other units within organization, powerful, responsible for oversight Quality teams: meets regularly to identify and propose solutions Task force groups: bring together individuals with technical specialties who are members of other organizational groups to accomplish specifically designed task project, make recommendations Steering Committees: bring together individuals with technical specialties to implement monitor organizational plans Focus groups: collections of individuals who are familiar with a problem and are asked in an unstructured format to describe the issue and any recommendations they might have Geographically diverse teams (networked virtual teams): link people together across time zones distance language, with technology Social support groups: provide informal social support to members, form as subgroups of larger task groups, stimulate trust and cohesiveness Interorganizational groups: Groups working together across organizations Lewis, Isbell and Koschmann:
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