Chapter 5 Police Operations
• Most significant advancements in policing is in the field of technology.
• DNA is very important.
• The CCTV (ClosedCircuit Television) is a multicamera system that allows images to be
viewed sequentially, simultaneously or on several monitors at once.
• Can focus on images in colour or in black and white.
• Can zoom in or out.
• These cameras are now made smaller and can use night vision.
• Increasing surveillance and lighting can promote safety.
• Small but significant effect on crime reduction, most effective in parking lots and vehicle
• The History of the Police
• Prior to the 11 century, justice was left in the hands of the community.
• Groups of 10 families known as “tithing’s” were set up in villages in order to police their
own minor problems.
• The constable is considered by many to be the first “real” police officer and dealt with the
most serious law violations.
• In the 13 century, the statue of west minister formalized the constable.
• Statue enabled constables to appoint citizens as watchmen to guard the community.
• They were not paid, so they didn’t do their duties as promised.
• The Development of Modern Policing
• In the mid 1700’s, London still didn’t have an organized law enforcement system.
• Military was often called into action.
• In 1748, Henry Fielding decided to turn a group into law enforcers.
• These individuals became known as the Bow Street Runners.
• The industrial revolution dramatically increased the size of urban populations, increasing
social problems such as po