Textbook Notes (368,818)
Canada (162,186)
Criminology (258)
CRM1300 (65)
Chapter 5

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM1300
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 5­ Police Operations • Most significant advancements in policing is in the field of technology. • DNA is very important. • The CCTV (Closed­Circuit Television) is a multi­camera system that allows images to be  viewed sequentially, simultaneously or on several monitors at once. • Can focus on images in colour or in black and white. • Can zoom in or out. • These cameras are now made smaller and can use night vision. • Increasing surveillance and lighting can promote safety. • Small but significant effect on crime reduction, most effective in parking lots and vehicle  crimes. • The History of the Police   • Prior to the 11  century, justice was left in the hands of the community. • Groups of 10 families known as “tithing’s” were set up in villages in order to police their  own minor problems. • The constable is considered by many to be the first “real” police officer and dealt with the  most serious law violations. • In the 13  century, the statue of west minister formalized the constable. • Statue enabled constables to appoint citizens as watchmen to guard the community. • They were not paid, so they didn’t do their duties as promised. • The Development of Modern Policing   • In the mid 1700’s, London still didn’t have an organized law enforcement system. • Military was often called into action. • In 1748, Henry Fielding decided to turn a group into law enforcers. • These individuals became known as the Bow Street Runners. • The industrial revolution dramatically increased the size of urban populations, increasing  social problems such as po
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