Chapter 4: Rates, Trends and Perceptions: The Crime Picture
• What is more prevalent: Property crime of violent crime? Property Crime.
• 2008: 2.2 Million criminal code incidents reported to police.
• 20% violent, 80% nonviolent offences.
• What province has the highest violent crime rate? Saskatchewan.
• The lowest crime rate is in Quebec.
• Which province has the highest property crime rate? British Columbia.
• The lowest? Newfoundland.
• What is the most commonly occurring violent crime in Canada? Level 1 assault.
• What is the most commonly occurring property crime? Theft under $5000.
• Least? Theft over $5000.
• Why do adults convicted of property crime tend to receive more prison sentences than
individuals convicted of crimes against persons? These people tend to do it more than
once, they usually have long records.
• Why are violent crimes more likely to be solved than property crimes? With violent crimes,
you tend to know the perpetrator so it is easier to solve, where property crime is usually
• The rate of most other Criminal Code offences declined in 20082007. The most noticeable
decline was prostitution.
• The largest increase was found in counterfeiting.
• Is the rate of crime increasing or decreasing in society? Decreasing.
• Is the fear of crime increasing or decreasing in society? Increasing.
• Fear inducing activities:
• Walking alone in own neighborhood at night, home alone, taking public transit at night.
• Most people were most fearful when waiting for the bus.
• M vs W agree that this was the most fear inducing activity.
• Frequency of activity.
• Women are more fearful then men.
• Do you engage in any…
• Avoidance Behaviors: Lifestyle changes designed to reduce one’s risk of becoming a
victim of crime Ex Vanier, drugs, and sketchy people.
• Defensive Behaviors: Specific anticrime measures designed to reduce ones risk of
becoming a victim of crime. Ex buddy system, keeping door locked, having a cell phone,
and paying attention to what is around.
• Tokyo Clothing that turns into a vending machine.
• What are some other public perceptions of crime?
• Focus on street and not suite crime.
• “Stranger Danger”
• Poor people commit almost all crimes.
• Capital punishment is an effective deterrence. • High recidivism rates.
• Overestimate rates of parole release and reoffending by parolees.
• Believe crime is worse in other communities.
• Attitudes very with region. Residents of Alberta and British Columbia want stricter
punishments where people in Quebec believe in crime prevention.
• Public Perceptions of the CJS
• The police Received the highest rating, believe that they are doing a good job, treating
people fairly, and approachable.
• The courts: People were less satisfied, people beli