CRM 1301: Reading March 3 2012d
Class conflict of law Karl Marx
The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles freemen and slaves, patrician and
plebian, lord and serf, guild master and journeyman, in a word oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant
opposition to one another, carried uninterrupted, now hidden, no open fight, a fight that each time ended
either the revolutionary reconstitution of society at large or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
In ancient Rome we have patricians, nights, plebeians, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals,
guild masters, journeyman, apprentices; it almost all these classes again, supporting gradations.
Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses, however, the distinctive feauture; it has simplified the
class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into 2 great. It's, did you grade classes
directly facing each other beginsbourgeosie and proletiariat.
Even the radical and revolutionary politicians look for the source of evil not in the nature of the state, but in
a particular form of the state, which they want to replace by another form.
The state and the structure society are not, from the standpoint of politics, 2 different things. The state is the
structure of the society.
Thus in England poverty is explained by the natural law according to his population always increases
beyond the means of
from another aspect, England explains Popper is and as the consequence of the evil dispositions of 4 just
as the King of Prussia explains it by the unchristian disposition of the rich, as the convention explains it by
the skeptical, counterrevolutionary outlook of the property owners. Accordingly, England inflicts penalties on
the poor, the King of Prussia admonishes the rich, and the convention the heads property owners.
The state is founded upon the contradiction between the public and private life, between general and
particular interest. The administration must, therefore, limit itself to a formal and negative sphere of activity,
because his power ceases at the point where civil life and it's worked begin.
These divisions, this debasement and slavery of civil society, are the natural foundations upon which the
modern state rest, just as a civil society was a natural foundation of slavery upon which the state of
The more powerful the state, and therefore the more political country is the the the less likely it is to seek
the basis of social evils and to grasp the general explanation of them, in the principle of the state itself, that
is in the structure of society, of which the state is the active, conscious and official expression. The classical
period of political thought is the French Revolution.
The more partial and more perfected, political thought becomes the more believes in the omnipotence of